Fiegel would have been at least 70 years old when this photo of the battleship sailor was taken. Meiers dubbed them “foo fighters,” from a nonsense word in a popular cartoon of the time. As the Senate's chosen commander and with the backing of at least one of the current consuls, Pompey commanded legitimacy, but Caesar's military crossing of the Rubicon rendered him a de jure enemy of the Senate and the people of Rome. He went on to tell them that they would all be discharged immediately. Cicero acted vigorously against Marcus Antonius since he belonged to the group of senators which were committed to ending every relation with Caesar supports and civil war. The following year, Caesar defeated the last of the Optimates under his former lieutenant Labienus in the Battle of Munda and became Dictator perpetuo (Dictator in perpetuity or Dictator for life) of Rome. (Image via Wikimedia Commons). In short, if the Cold War had turned hot during the 1970s, the F-4 Phantom would have probably proven itself to be the better airplane than the MiG-23 Flogger. In the last days of 50, civil war between Pompey and Julius Caesar became inevitable. All around us, as so slowly we kept on going, the pure blue of the sea was mottled blackish with the greasy patches of their bomb discharges. This quickly changed after Operation Dervish, the first convoy from Iceland to Archangelsk, Russia. This is the MiG-15 that was flown to South Korea by a North Korean defector. The F-4 Phantom was arguably a “Joint Strike Fighter” before JSFs were cool. He and Cato committed suicide shortly after the battle. The fastest man-made thing is the Helios 2, which travels 70.2km/sec. In the aftermath of the Gallic Wars (58 B.C. Restorers have reattached the wings to the B-17F Memphis Belle, under restoration at the National Museum of the U.S. Air Force. Caesar bluntly addressed them as "citizens", instead of "soldiers," a tacit indication that they had already discharged themselves by virtue of their disloyalty. Crowds give the Nazi salute as Hitler enters the stadium. It is also covered in the biographies of Plutarch. ACIG tallied six air-to-air kills by Israeli F-4s in that same timeframe (Joe Baugher noted 116 total air-to-air kills by the Israelis in the Phantom), with four confirmed air-to-air losses to the Syrians. Frank “Rocky” Fiegel was actually a bartender and not any kind of sailor, but he did love the kids around Chester, and they used to love to play pranks on the old barfly. Caesar responded to Pompey's moves in Rome by leading his army across the Rubicon River. At first, recognising the threat, he made offers of submission with the sole object of gaining time until Caesar's attention fell elsewhere. And here’s a view of the last bearer ahead of lighting the Olympic flame: The last of the runners who carried the Olympic torch arriving in Berlin to light the Olympic Flame, marking the start of the 11th Summer Olympic Games. There was no way to verify any of this, as the manhole cover was never found, but if the math was right and the manhole cover survived the extreme pressure and heat, Dr. Brownlee may have made it to space first, created the fastest object while in Earth’s atmosphere, and the third-fastest object known to man. On January 10, 49 BC, commanding the Legio XIII, Caesar crossed the Rubicon River, the boundary between the province of Cisalpine Gaul to the north and Italy proper to the south. The North Vietnamese launched the Tet Offensive and North Korea captured the American spy ship Pueblo outside its territorial waters. Agreeing, his army called for action. The wings were last attached in 2003, officials said. After all, American allies, like Taiwan, ended up facing the MiG-15 later in the 1950s (the Taiwanese planes ended up using the AIM-9 Sidewinder to deadly effect). They outmaneuvered all the aircraft and flew as fast or faster than 200 miles per hour. Oda’s force crept close to Imagawa’s camp and then attacked with its full force. (Wikimedia Commons). Despite having retreated into central Italy, Pompey and the Senatorial forces were composed of at least two legions: some 11,500 soldiers and some hastily-levied Italian troops commanded by Lucius Domitius Ahenobarbus. The Story of the First MiG-15 Flying into American Hands, Chuck Yeager Flies the MiG-15 | Air & Space Magazine, The Army once considered putting the A-10’s BRRRRT! The Populares, a group of leaders from the senatorial class, had taken to using people’s assemblies and popular support to achieve greater power and forward their policies. In December of 50 BC, Caesar wrote to the Senate that he agreed to resign his military command if Pompey followed suit. The MiG-15 still is in service with the North Korean Air Force, meaning Yeager’s half-a-century-old flight still informs us today. In 50 BC, at the expiry of his proconsular term, the Pompey-led Senate ordered Caesar's return to Rome and the disbanding of his army and forbade his standing for election in absentia for a second consulship. J. William Schuchert was the local theater owner who had a voracious appetite for hamburgers. | Bundesarchiv. He escaped to Capua with those politicians who supported him, the aristocratic Optimates and the regnant consuls. Presented with the head and signet ring of his rival by Theodotus, the advisor of King Ptolemy XIII Theos Philopater, Caesar reportedly wept. A more modern estimate puts the speed of the steel cap at around 56 km/sec. It's a MiG!! Eventually, in March 49 BC, Pompey escaped and fled by sea to Epirus, leaving Caesar in complete command of Italy.[12]. It burned up in the atmosphere three months later. “I don’t know if there’s words that really say it because you’re little and you build this kit as a little model (airplane) and now you’re actually doing the real thing. As Caesar progressed southwards, Pompey retreated towards Brundisium, initially ordering Domitius (engaged in raising troops in Etruria) to stop Caesar's movement on Rome from the direction of the Adriatic seaboard. The North Koreans trained an elite group of 31 special operations commandos to infiltrate the South across the demilitarized zone. Following this, Antony and Caesar's adopted son Octavius would fight yet another civil war against remnants of the Optimates and Liberatores faction, ultimately resulting in the establishment of the Roman Empire. According to, the F-4 could carry four AIM-7 Sparrows, four AIM-9 Sidewinders, and the F-4E had an internal cannon. That said, the MiG-23’s record has been a bit more spotty. To wit, Pompey accused him of insubordination and treason. The historical records differ about the decisive comment Caesar that made on crossing the Rubicon: one report is Alea iacta est (usually translated as "The die is cast"). The partying in the camp was so loud and the attack so sudden, that many of Imagawa’s samurai failed to realize they were in a fight. Though the book is far from the most credible account of the war (Caesar is known for inflated battle statistics in his favor), what’s undeniable is that a victory is a victory. With deliberate clemency, Caesar released Domitius and the other senators with him and even returned 6,000,000 sesterces that Domitius had had to pay his troops. The organizer of the 1936 Games, Carl Diem, even based the relay off the one Ancient Greeks did in 80 BC in an attempt to connect the ancient Olympics to the present Nazi party. During the Pascal-A test on July 26, scientists tested a nuclear warhead underneath the surface of the Earth, marking the first U.S. underground nuclear test. In concept, the DIVAD vehicle could go anywhere, dig in and wait for enemy aircraft to appear, then shoot them down quickly. We do not know exactly how the first contact between the two dignitaries took place.According to the history of Rome (and some of the remaining writings of Julius Caesar) it seems that Cleopatra would meet him around the year 48 BC at which time the Roman general had ordered Cleopatra and her Here are more photos of what it was like: Sure, we all know about the F-16 Falcon, the F-15 Eagle, the Su-27 Flanker, the MiG-29 Fulcrum… all those modern planes. Caesar's perspectives did not look great: nine of his legions were still on duty in Gaul . Indeed, for his Pontic triumph, that may well have been the label displayed above the spoils. In a very real sense, the Roman Senate did beat Caesar in the Civil War. They were then to take photos to prove he was dead. They broke into teams of six, dressed as South Korean troops, and crossed the border through barbed wire, observation posts, and minefields. This helicopter has served with the Army for over half a century and year and is still going strong — new variants, the CH-47F and MH-47G, are rolling off the production lines as we speak! The sailor in the above photo is really a sailor, but he’s a British sailor. Cartoonist E.C. At Nicopolis Pharnaces had defeated what little Roman opposition the governor of Asia, Gnaeus Domitius Calvinus, could muster. [10] The Senate, not knowing that Caesar possessed only a single legion, feared the worst and supported Pompey, who declared that Rome could not be defended. Offended, the Senate demanded for him to disband his army immediately, or he would be declared an enemy of the people. Julius Caesar launched a civil war in ancient Rome in order to take control of the government as the most powerful leader. Through his aunt, he was related to Gaius Marius, the great general. A major reason for Pompey's defeat was miscommunication among front cavalry horsemen. During the ten years, Caesar used his military forces to conquer Gaul and to invade Britain, which was popular with the people, however his enemies claimed it was without explicit authorization by the Senate.[7]. Brigadier General Chuck Yeager is best-known for being the first man to break the sound barrier. Within 200 yards of their objective, one South Korean soldier halted them to check their IDs. Pharnaces himself fled quickly back to the Bosporus, where he managed to assemble a small force of Scythian and Sarmatian troops with which he was able to gain control of a few cities, but one of his former governors, Asandar, attacked his forces and killed him. Like every good scientist, they tried it again on Aug. 27 to test “safety.” Instead of the 55-ton yield of the previous test, they used 300 tons and placed a 2-ton concrete cap just above the bomb. Of that total, 25 took place in the five-day air battle known as the Bekaa Valley Turkey Shoot. It was faster and safer than going by ground, even though the helicopters sometimes found themselves overloaded by troops. In doing so, he  inaugurated what is now a famed ritual of a lone runner bearing a torch carried from the site of the ancient games in Olympia, Greece into the stadium. One of the various participants in the competition, according to Jane’s Weapon Systems 1988-1989, was General Electric, fresh from designing the GAU-8 Avenger for what would be the Air Force’s next air support attack jet – the A-10 Warthog. In 1966, the Chinook made a name for itself during Operation Crazy Horse, during which over 30,000 troops were transported by chopper into very difficult terrain. The Caesarian army in Italy now outnumbered the republicans (8:5) and Pompey knew the peninsula was lost for the time being. Fiegel was more likely to down a few bourbons instead of a can of spinach to get his super fighting prowess, but the rest of his caricature fit the Sailor Man to a T. He had the same jutting chin, built frame, and trademark pipe as his cartoon counterpart. Afterwards pacifying Roman Hispania. Frontman Dave Grohl was actually reading a book about UFOs and he picked a name that, at the time, seemed to fit. The Air Corps sent investigators to the 415th after journalist Robert Wilson published a front-page story in newspapers across America, but the investigation never saw the light of day. Well, if you have an army, you declare war. She won the silver medal. The convoys were dangerous due to the unpredictable nature of the frigid waters and threat of Nazi U-boats and land-based aircraft. Pressing Issues That Led to the Civil War. The priests there would later comment on how calm the samurai leader was. Removing an installed GAU-8 from an A-10 requires first installing a jack under the aircraft’s tail to prevent it from tipping, as the cannon makes up most of the aircraft’s forward weight. The Senate had ordered him to disband his army and come to Rome to face charges of illegal actions during his counsulship. Battle of Bibracte. Caesar’s victory here sent the Roman Republic into the throes of death — and gave rise to the Roman Empire. It destroyed the five feet of concrete that was used to cap the explosion. Afterwards, Caesar renewed his pursuit of Pompey in Greece. Labienus believed that Pompey and the Senate would have won the Civil War, and he wanted to be on the winning side. Moreover, Caesar loyalists, the tribunes Mark Antony and Quintus Cassius Longinus, vetoed the bill and were quickly expelled from the Senate. ), Caesar was set to return to Rome, astride the high of triumph. Kim was captured. Belatedly, Pompey requested Domitius to retreat south to rendezvous with Pompey's forces. From Brundisium, Caesar crossed the Strait of Otranto with seven legions to the Gulf of Valona (not Palaesta in Epirus [modern Palase/Dhermi, Albania], as reported by Lucan),[13] prompting Pompey to consider three courses of action: (i) to make an alliance with the King of Parthia, an erstwhile ally, far to the east; (ii) to invade Italy with his superior navy and/or (iii) to force a decisive battle with Caesar. They crowded the dais and begged to be taken to North Africa. (They added Helene Mayer, whose father was Jewish, as their “token Jew” participant. Jonathan W. Jordan February 2001. … We demand it,” it said, according to Andrew Nagorski, who cited the article in his book “Hitlerland.”. ... Civil War. Despite Hitler’s aforementioned pitch that “the sportive, knightly battle … unites the combatants in understanding and respect,” the Nazis tried to keep Jews and blacks from competing in the games. Caesar would do no such thing. Today’s CH-47s haul 24,000 pounds, more than three times the 7,000 pounds carried by early Chinooks in Vietnam. Caesar’s renown and unchecked power eventually led to his assassination. In 1985, Secretary of Defense Caspar Weinberger finally put the program out of its misery, noting that missiles were the future of air defense. As the two forces marched towards one another, each made its own small stop. General Electric’s concept of the M247 Sergeant York, complete with a shortened version of the Avenger (General Electric). The translation below was made by Robin Seager. The title of Caesar and everything that it represents stems from the actions of a heroic man who had an undying thirst for advancement. The DIVAD program soon proved to be an abject failure, with nothing to show for pouring millions into the project and the Sergeant York prototypes. The Soviets needed plenty of supplies to fight off the Germans, and it was up to the Allies to make it happen. A secondary reason for Caesar's immediate desire for another consulship was that Caesar's 'imperium' or safety from prosecution was set to expire and his enemies in Rome had senatorial prosecutions awaiting him upon retirement as governor of Illyricum and Gaul. Perhaps as a result of Ptolemy's role in Pompey's murder, Caesar sided with Cleopatra and is reported to have wept at the sight of Pompey's head, which was offered to him by Ptolemy's chamberlain, Pothinus, as a gift. Faced with the cunning political brilliance of the young queen, Ptolemy would … Caesar's victory was so swift and complete that in a letter to a friend in Rome, he famously said of the short war, "Veni, vidi, vici" ("I came, I saw, I conquered"). The reign of Augustus marked the end of the Roman Republic and the start of the Roman Empire. Instead, Ford and General Dynamics were given prototype production contracts to build their designs for testing, with Ford ultimately winning the competition. Everything about it, it doesn’t seem like a job. Antony lost control of the troops, who began looting estates south of the capital. The war was a four-year-long politico-military struggle, fought in Italy, Illyria, Greece, Egypt, Africa, and Hispania. Eventually, Kim gave his services (and information) to the military, became a citizen, and married a South Korean. The Great Roman Civil War, also known as Caesar’s War, was the culmination of a long-running political conflict within the Roman elite. In sharp contrast to the specialization of various Flogger designs, the F-4 handled air-to-air and ground-attack missions – often on the same sortie. It doesn’t separate, but unites the combatants in understanding and respect. (Image: Utagawa Toyonobu, Public Domain). The MiG-23 primarily specialized in air-to-air combat. Taking advantage of Pompey's absence from the Italian mainland, Caesar marched west to Hispania. When asked about the manhole cover, Dr. Robert Brownlee, the designer of the experiment, said that there was no way to account for all the variables at play and determine the fate of the steel cover. Caesar's Civil War resulted from the long political subversion of the Roman Government's institutions, which began with the career of Tiberius Gracchus, continuing with the Marian reforms of the legions, the bloody dictatorship of Lucius Cornelius Sulla, and completed by the First Triumvirate over Rome. Pompey fled Rome and organized an army in the south of Italy to meet Caesar. Near Pharsalus, Caesar pitched a strategic bivouac. Domitius ignored Pompey's request believing he outnumbered Caesar three to one. After the show of strength, Pharnaces drew back to pacify his new conquests. He and Pompey had, along with Marcus Licinius Crassus, established the First Triumvirate, through which they shared power over Rome. (Section 51 via YouTube). In the summer of 1957, during Operation Plumbob, American scientists were testing the capabilities of nuclear explosions in all fashions at the Los Alamos Scientific Laboratory. The final crew and the bomber gained fame on a nationwide wartime bond tour, which stopped in Dayton, and for a 1944 movie “Memphis Belle” that documented its combat exploits over Europe. Thus, on the advice of his councillors, Pompey decided to engineer a decisive battle. [citation needed]. It is probably at this early stage of the war, that constituted the Sixteenth legion. The convoys delivered more than four million tons of cargo, though at a heavy cost: 101 ships were sunk and roughly 3,000 Allied sailors lost their lives, according to The Telegraph. First, he had a small group set up false battle flags from behind a ridgeline, giving the impression that he was firmly camped for the night. Caesar was born to a patrician Roman family that had once been very influential in the Republic. Their goal was to make it to the Blue House, South Korea’s version of the White House, where President Park Chung-hee lived and worked. 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