[17] It was previously thought that the body temperature of a cheetah increases during a hunt due to high metabolic activity. [40], A few orphaned cubs have been raised in captivity, such as Marita who died at the age of nine years in 2003. The cheetah may have survived in the Trans-Caucasus up to the 13th Century (Vereshchagin, 1952; Avaliani, 1965). A few observations in Iran indicate that they give birth throughout the year to one to four cubs. [16] The head and body of an adult Asiatic cheetah measure about 112–135 cm (44–53 in) with a 66–84 cm (26–33 in) long tail. [47] Some herders are accompanied by large mastiff-type dogs into protected areas. 212 Interspecific Clonong and Embryo Aggregation influence the Expression of oct4, nanog, sox2, andcdx2 in Cheetah and Domestic Cat Blastocysts. Their heads are small with high-set eyes. Over the years, conservationists in the country increasingly found themselves reliant on … The claim was supported by data from experiments in which two cheetahs ran on a treadmill for minutes on end but contradicted by studies in natural settings, which indicate that body temperature stays relatively the same during a hunt. [6] Some scholars also believe that raising captive cheetahs originated in ancient Persia and not ancient Egypt as was commonly believed. https://news.mongabay.com/2019/03/irans-endangered-cheetahs-and-imperiled-conservationists-commentary. [71] Oriental Memoirs, 1812. [52][53] International sanctions have made some projects, such as obtaining camera traps, difficult. “Conservation Genomic Analyses of African and Asiatic Cheetahs Acinonyx jubatus) Across Their Current and Historical Range.” In BioRxiv https://www.biorxiv.org/content/10.1101/2020.02.14.949081v, [5] Hunter, Luke. Cambridge USE: Elsevier Inc. 2018, 18. (2010). Cambridge USE: Elsevier Inc. 2018, 50. In the past, the Iranian department of the environment, which bears the primary role of protecting the nation’s threatened species, has had to cope with budget cuts that severely limit conservation efforts. [6][35], Reduced gazelle numbers, persecution, land-use change, habitat degradation and fragmentation, and desertification contributed to the decline of the cheetah population. Small black spots are arranged in lines on the head and nape, but irregularly scattered on body, legs, paws and tail. Kolachalam, Namarta. Trapping of adult cheetahs, who had already learned hunting skills from wild mothers, for assisting in royal hunts is said to be another major cause of the species' rapid decline in India as there is only one record of a litter ever born to captive animals. Due to the international situation, we are unable to directly aid the Asiatic cheetah but there is a way to make a difference. Hunter, L., Jowkar, H., Ziaie, H., Schaller, G., Balme, G., Walzer, C., Ostrowski, S., Zahler, P., Robert-Charrue, N., Kashiri, K. and Christie, S. (2007). “Iran’s Endangered Cheetahs and Imperiled Conservationists (Commentary)” In Mongabay News, March 2019. The plight of the Asiatic cheetah and the question of cheetah genetics is of paramount importance for the revitalization of global cheetah populations. In November 2004, a cub was recorded by a camera-trap that was about 6–8 months old. [24] The Indian government planned to reintroduce cheetahs to India. Before its extinction in the country, the cheetah fed on the blackbuck, the chinkara, and sometimes the chital and the nilgai. A female was sighted in 1951 in Koriya district, northwestern Chhattisgarh. The Asiatic cheetah is generally believed to have separated from African cheetahs somewhere between 32,000 and 67,000 years ago. [1] Charruau, P. et al. News. “When One Big Cat Is Almost Like the Other.” In The Atlantic, September 16, 2019. https://www.theatlantic.com/science/archive/2019/09/can-india-bring-back-cheetah/598066, [4] Charruau, P. et al. 2010 Address: Deputy of Natural Environment , Department of Environment, pardisan- Eco park , Tehran Tel & fax: 00982188269915 Shutter Site Visit by UNDP of Asia c Cheetah Habitat in Yazd An Asia c Cheetah in KAVIR Na onal Park - IRAN. In April 2003, four cubs were found in a den that had their eyes still closed. 443 Tatlock Road, Video: Four Cheetah cubs spotted with their mother, Video: 'Cheetahs in Iran', the last stronghold of the Asiatic cheetah, Video: Extinctions : Discover the endangered Asiatic cheetah, Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society, "Cheetahs in Central Asia: A historical summary", "The critically endangered Asiatic cheetah, "FIFA confirms depiction of Asiatic Cheetah on Iran jersey", "Phylogeography, genetic structure and population divergence time of cheetahs in Africa and Asia: evidence for long-term geographic isolates", "Temperature regulation and heat balance in running cheetahs: a strategy for sprinters? Marker, Laurie et al. ; Kolachalam, Namarta. The Asiatic cheetah mainly inhabits the desert areas around Dasht-e Kavir in the eastern half of Iran, including parts of the Kerman, Khorasan, Semnan, Yazd, Tehran, and Markazi provinces. The last record was published in 1991, and it was a cheetah that had been killed by a car. “When One Big Cat Is Almost Like the Other.” In The Atlantic, September 16, 2019. https://www.theatlantic.com/science/archive/2019/09/can-india-bring-back-cheetah/598066; Durant, Sarah M. et al. [61] Later, however, Iran refused to send a male and female cheetah or to allow experts to collect tissue samples from a cheetah kept in a zoo there. [15], Results of a five-year phylogeographic study on cheetah subspecies indicate that Asiatic and African cheetah populations separated between 32,000 and 67,000 years ago and are genetically distinct. [29] In Yemen, the last known cheetah was sighted in Wadi Mitan in 1963, near the international border with Oman. A female was recorded in two protected areas that are about 150 km (93 mi) apart and intersected by railway and two highways. Instances also occur of sheep and goats being carried off by it, but it rarely molests domestic animals, and has not been known to attack men. Two naturalists suggested the idea of importing the South African cheetahs from Namibia, breeding them in captivity in India and release their offspring into the wild. Then Minister of Environment and Forests, Jairam Ramesh, told the Rajya Sabha on 7 July 2009 that "The cheetah is the only animal that has been described extinct in India in the last 100 years. General McMaster saw a very fine hunting-leopard catch a black buck that had about that start within four hundred yards. [63], In 2014, an Asiatic cheetah was cloned for the first time by scientists from the University of Buenos Aires. The cheetah remains emblematic of the threats facing wildlife, not only because of its unique adaptations but also its distinctive evolutionary history (Neff 1983; Marker and Eszterhas 2014). The Asiatic Cheetah (Acinonyx jubatus venaticus), the subspecies of Cheetah found in Iran, nowadays can be found only in the Islamic Republic of Iran.Historically, its range spread across the Middle East, Central Asia, north into southern Kazakhstan and southeast into India. [19], The cheetah thrives in open lands, small plains, semi-desert areas, and other open habitats where prey is available. [6], During the 1970s, the Asiatic cheetah population in Iran was estimated to number about 200 individuals in 11 protected areas. [2] Valkenburgh, Blaire Van et al. The Asiatic cheetah once roamed from the Arabian Peninsula, the Caspian Region, Pakistan and through India, but now it only remains in Iran. Cheetahs have been known to exist in India for a very long time, but hunting led to their extinction in the country in the late 1940s. [49] At least 11 Asiatic cheetahs were killed in road accidents between 2001 and 2014. [6] Between December 2011 and November 2013, 84 individuals were sighted in 14 different protected areas, and 82 individuals were identified from camera trap photographs. We have to get them from abroad to repopulate the species." Human-Wildlife Interactions 10 (1): 103–109. Cheetahs have slender, long-legged bodies with blunt, semi-retractable claws. Uncontrolled hunting throughout the desert cannot be effectively controlled by the governments of the three countries. [21], Conflict between livestock herders and cheetahs is also threatening the population outside protected areas. The survey members proposed Kuno-Palpur Wildlife Sanctuary, Shahgarh Landscape and Nauradehi Wildlife Sanctuary as potential reintroduction sites, if resources and personnel for habitat restoration, fencing, relocation of about 80 human settlements and the establishment of a compensation system for livestock loss can be allocated. Ed. “A Brief History of Cheetah Conservation.” Cheetahs Biology and Conservation. [62] In 2009, the Indian government considered reintroducing cheetahs through importing from Africa through captive breeding. We must think Iran considers their Cheetah an important part of its natural and cultural heritage and it has now become a symbol of the country’s conservation … [16] Akbar the Great was introduced to cheetahs around the mid-16th century and used them for coursing blackbucks, chinkaras and antelopes. Target: M. Sanjayan, CEO of Conservation International Goal: Take immediate action to prevent Asiatic cheetahs from becoming extinct. [33] The Iranian border regions to Afghanistan and Pakistan, viz the Baluchistan Province, are major passages for armed outlaws and opium smugglers who are active in the central and western regions of Iran, and pass through cheetah habitat. [27] In Iraq, the cheetah was still recorded in the desert west of Basrah in 1926. (Recent press release). [67], Wildlife officials in Miandasht Wildlife Refuge and the Turan National Park have raised a few orphaned cubs. “The Critically endangered Asiatic Cheetah Acinonyx Jubatus Venaticus in Iran: a review of recent distribution and Conservation Status.” In Biodivers Conserv (2017) 25: 1033.Kolachalam, Namarta. A black tear mark runs from the inner corner of each eye down to the mouth. In Iran, the Asiatic cheetah is completely protected. He was responding to a notice from the Bharatiya Janata Party. [53] [8] Farhadinia, Mohammad S. et al. Hilzheimer's type specimen originated in Merv, Turkmenistan. Jowkar, H., Ostrowski, S., Hunter, L. (2008). “Phylogeography, Genetic Structure and Population Divergence in Time of Cheetahs in Africa and Asia: Evidence for Long-Term Geographic Isolates.” In Molecular Biology (2011) 20, introduction. Another asiatic cheetah sighted in Yazd. Unfortunately, the population is down to between 70 and 110 individuals, experts estimate. Ironically though and sadly, this misplaced belief may soon become true since its only remaining relative, the Asiatic cheetah or Acinonyx jubatus venaticus has less than 50 remaining in the wild. [35], Camera-trapping data obtained between 2009 and 2011 indicate that some cheetahs travel long distances. The cats' movements are monitored using GPS collars. Listed as critically endangered by the IUCN, the Asiatic cheetah is among the rarest cats in the world at subspecies level, with fewer than 50 believed to remain in Iran. The Asiatic cheetah has a buff- to light fawn-coloured fur that is paler on the sides, on the front of the muzzle, below the eyes and inner legs. Final report on Conservation of the Asiatic cheetah, its natural habitats and associated biota in Iran. On the basis of the results of conflict assessment, a specific Herders Training Course was developed in 2007, in which they learned how to identify the cheetah as well as other carnivores, since these were the main causes for livestock kills. “The Cheetah: Evolutionary History and Paleoecology.” Cheetahs Biology and Conservation. CANADA, We are a registered charitable organization BN: 86513 6824 RR0001. They suggested to source cheetahs from either Iran or Africa, and hoped that the revenues generated from tourism at reintroduction sites would increase substantially. It also kills gazelles, nilgai, and, doubtless, occasionally deer and other animals. It is probable that for a short distance the hunting-leopard is the swiftest of all mammals. Three of India's last cheetahs were shot by the Maharajah of Surguja in 1948. [14], Acinonyx raddei was proposed by Max Hilzheimer in 1913 for the cheetah population in Central Asia, the Trans-Caspian cheetah. This habitat overlaps to 61% with wild sheep, 36% with onager, and 30% with gazelle.[38]. This is the only place in the world a cheetah… For over 20 years, the Cheetah Conservation Fund (CCF), the global cheetah organization, has been at the forefront of cheetah conservation and genetic research. In order to raise international awareness for the conservation of the Asiatic cheetah, an illustration was used on the jerseys of the Iran national football team at the 2014 FIFA World Cup. See our Canada Revenue Agency listing. —————————————————————————————————————————————————-. Beginning in 2006, the day of his death, 30 August, became the Cheetah Conservation Day, used to inform the public about conservation programs. [45] In December 2015, it is reported that 18 new Asiatic cheetah cubs had recently been born and it was hoped for two captive Asian cheetahs at Pardisan Park would produce cubs. “There have been all sorts of threats to the Asiatic cheetah,” said the conservation biologist Sam Williams of the University of Venda, in South Africa, who is an expert on large carnivores. Donations are fully tax-deductible in Canada if given to CCF Canada and/or deposited to a Canadian bank. In May 2014, officials said they would bring together a pair of grown individuals in the hope they would produce cubs, while acknowledging that cheetahs are difficult to breed. The take-away is that securing protected areas alone is not enough. Several herders killed cheetahs to prevent livestock loss, or for trophies, trade and fun. In the 2013 study, even the cheetah that did not chase the prey experienced an increase in body temperature once the prey was caught, showing increased sympathetic activity. [8] In Iran, the cheetah remained in all the steppes and desert regions, and were believed to have a rising population until the 1970s. When breeding was attempted in zoos in the 1950–1980 period, cheetahs were unusual in that they bred poorly in captivity, rarely exceeding 15% success of attempted pairing. It was also present in the Kaimur District, Darrah and other desert regions of Rajasthan and parts of Gujarat and Central India. [12] But over two years ago, this funding was stopped due to budget restrictions. This Terminal Evaluation TE of the project “Conservation of the Asiatic Cheetah, Its Natural Habitat, and Associated Biota in the Islamic Republic of Iran” CACP was conducted during the period from 23 November to 7 December 2008 by a team of one international and one national consultant. Marker, Laurie et al. [66] Another news report stated that the centre is home to about ten Asiatic cheetahs in a semi-wild environment protected by wire fencing all around. The population in Iran is considered autochthonous monophyletic and the last remaining representative of the Asiatic subspecies.[11]. By Nader Karami, Conservation of Asiatic Cheetah Project. In recent years, cheetah conservation groups have worked to build awareness in Iran about the plight of the subspecies of cheetah known as the Iranian or Asiatic cheetah … TEHRAN – In an attempt to provide a safe place for the few surviving Asiatic cheetahs, the Department of Environment (DOE) has constructed an underground passage stretching to 8 kilometers along Abbasabad road in central province of Semnan, Rajab Ali Karegar, the Conservation of the Asiatic Cheetah (CACP) project deputy director has said. [13] Dr. Laurie Marker, the founder and Executive Director of the CCF, has been actively involved in this debate over the past decade. [65], In February 2010, Mehr News Agency, Payvand Iran News released the photos of an Asiatic/Iranian cheetah in a seemingly large compound within natural habitat enclosed by chain link fence, this location was reported in this news article to be the "Semi-Captive Breeding and Research Center of Iranian Cheetah" in Iran's Semnan province. Eventually, when the number of humans increased, and environmental conditions changed, the number of ungulates dwindled, thus adversely affecting predators, though the Caspian tiger managed to survive there up to the 20th Century, and the Persian leopard still occurs there. Conservation of Asiatic cheetah and its sym-patric species in Touran. The IUCN's Species Survival Commission has approved a feasibility study, stressing to follow the IUCN guidelines on reintroduction and introducing the same subspecies, if and when the reasons for extinction have been removed. [41] In January 2015, three other adult Asiatic cheetahs and a female with her cub were sighted in Miandasht Wildlife Refuge. Hunting of the blackbuck with the cheetah; drawn by James Forbes in South Gujarat, Western India. & Apr. Conservation of Asiatic Cheetah international project Newsletter No.10 Mar. “The Critically endangered Asiatic Cheetah Acinonyx Jubatus Venaticus in Iran: a review of recent distribution and Conservation Status.” In Biodivers Conserv (2017) 25: 1040. and Jhala, Y.V. According to the Iranian Cheetah Society (ICS), herders are considered as a significant target group which generally confuses the cheetah with other similar-sized carnivores, including wolf, leopard, striped hyena, and even caracal and wild cat. In this period, 42 cheetahs died due to poaching, in road accidents and due to natural causes. Others argue that the cheetah genome remains remarkably uniform due to a period of inbreeding caused by a population bottleneck the end of the last Ice Age 10,000 to 12,000 years ago. [1] Following the Iranian Revolution of 1979, wildlife conservation was interrupted for several years. This Photo Was Taken by [1] It once occurred from the Arabian Peninsula and the Near East to the Caspian region, Kyzylkum Desert and India, but has been extirpated there during the 20th century. After a hunt, the risk of another predator taking its kill is great, and the cheetah is on high alert and stressed. Breeding success depends on availability of prey. “Phylogeography, Genetic Structure and Population Divergence in Time of Cheetahs in Africa and Asia: Evidence for Long-Term Geographic Isolates.” In Molecular Biolgoy (2011) 20, 706-724.; Kolachalam, Namarta. Its mode of capturing its prey is to stalk up to within a moderate distance of between one to two hundred yards, taking advantage of inequalities of the ground, bushes, or other cover, and then to make a rush. Young people have expressed growing interest in the issue of cheetah and other wildlife conservation. [28], In Central Asia, uncontrolled hunting of cheetahs and their prey, severe winters and conversion of grassland to areas used for agriculture contributed to the population's decline. [24], In the 2015 update of the IUCN Red List, the Asiatic cheetah is considered regionally extinct in Iraq, Central Asia, Afghanistan, Pakistan and India. By the early 20th century, the range in Central Asia had decreased significantly. [21] Coal, copper, and iron have been mined in cheetah habitat in three different regions in central and eastern Iran. [10], The Asiatic cheetah diverged from the cheetah population in Africa between 32,000 and 67,000 years ago. Houman Jokar, head of the Asiatic Cheetah Conservation Project, told Mehr News correspondent on Wednesday that due to Koushki’s old age, they have decided to go ahead with artificial insemination in order to ensure the survival of this species of highly imperiled … Help us by donating today! In the Arabian peninsula, it used to occur in the northern and southeastern fringes and had been reported in both Saudi Arabia and Kuwait before 1974. [20] The increased sympathetic activity prepares the cheetah's body to run when another predator approaches. [28] Two cheetahs were killed in the northern Saudi region of Ha'il in 1973. In India, prey was formerly abundant. Implementing measures aimed at conserving the last survivors of the Asiatic cheetah subspecies has proved to be extremely difficult. Its speed for a short distance is remarkable far exceeding that of any other beast of prey, even of a greyhound or kangaroo-hound, for no dog can at first overtake an Indian antelope or a gazelle, either of which is quickly run down by C. jubatus, if the start does not exceed about two hundred yards. Ex-situ conservation: India, where the Asiatic cheetah is now extinct, is interested in cloning the cheetah to reintroduce it to the country. The African cheetah (Acinonyx jubatus) has three subspecies of the larger cheetah genome [1]. (2008). [19] The cheetah's nervousness after a hunt may induce stress hyperthermia, which involves high sympathetic nervous activity and raises the body temperature. [15], Evidence of females successfully raising cubs is very rare. In 2012, India's Supreme Court suspended attempts to introduce African cheetahs when new genetic evidence suggested that the Asiatic and African cheetahs separated between 32,000 and 67,000 years ago. March 12 2020https://economictimes.indiatimes.com/news/environment/flora-fauna/extinction-watch-amber-eyes-dwindling-fast/articleshow/74601205.cms?utm_source=contentofinterest&utm_medium=text&utm_campaign=cppst. He caught and kept it chained in his home for two weeks, until it was rescued by officers of the Iranian Department of Environment. [21][47] The cheetah is affected by loss of prey as a result of antelope hunting and overgrazing from introduced livestock. [46], The Asiatic cheetah has been listed as Critically Endangered on the IUCN Red List since 1996. [21][22] Adults have yellow or tan short, coarse fur with solid black round or oval spots measuring 0.75 to 1.… As of December 2017, fewer than 50 individuals are thought to be remaining in three subpopulations that are scattered over 140,000 km2 (54,000 sq mi) in Iran's central plateau. [7], The Asiatic Cheetah began declining broadly in the 1800s and was extinct throughout most of its range between 1940 and 1980. Historically, man has been the main cause of the decline of the Asiatic cheetah. [54][53][55][56], In 2014, the Iranian national football team announced that their 2014 FIFA World Cup and 2015 AFC Asian Cup kits are imprinted with pictures of the Asiatic cheetah in order to bring attention to conservation efforts. To learn more about CCF’s research and conservation work and CCF’s state of the art genetic laboratories and Genome Research Bank (GRB) click here. Currently, in India there is a proposition to use African cheetahs from Southern Africa to replace the now extinct Asiatic cheetah. The Asiatic cheetah also lives in Iran, but is critically endangered. “Iran’s Endangered Cheetahs and Imperiled Conservationists (Commentary)” In Mongabay News, March 2019.  https://news.mongabay.com/2019/03/irans-endangered-cheetahs-and-imperiled-conservationists-commentary, [12] “Asiatic Cheetahs on The Brink of Extinction with Only 50 Left Alive”, in The Guardian, Dec 16, 2017. https://www.theguardian.com/environment/2017/dec/16/asiatic-cheetah-brink-extinction-iran-un-funding, [13] Kolachalam, Namarta. [44], The Asiatic cheetah population is considered to be on the rise. These observations suggest that they are most active when their prey is. In Iran, the CACP has generated wide interest among young researchers for cat, carnivore and wildlife conservation and research in general, and it has the potential to help spread to water sources. The Asiatic cheetah (Acinonyx jubatus venaticus), also known as the Iranian cheetah, is a critically endangered cheetah subspecies surviving today only in Iran.It used to occur in India as well, where it is locally extinct.. [10] In February 2015, Iran launched a search engine, Yooz, that features a cheetah as logo. It is estimated that the two regions for coal (Nayband) and iron (Bafq) have the largest cheetah population outside protected areas. [42] Eleven cheetahs were also sighted at the time, and another four a month later. Target: M. Sanjayan, CEO of Conservation International Goal: Take immediate action to prevent Asiatic cheetahs from becoming extinct. [72], A cheetah with two imperial attendants, during the reign of Shah Alam II (India CE 1764). In September 2009, international biologists, representatives from the Wildlife Institute of India and Indian politicians held a meeting about cheetah reintroduction in India. The project will build on the achievements of the CACP Phase I by strengthening the current Protected Area management in selected cheetah habitats. [43] In July 2015, five adult cheetahs and three cubs were spotted in Khar Turan National Park. ...is in low, isolated, rocky hills, near the plains on which live antelopes, its principal prey. These courses were a result of cooperation between UNDP/GEF, Iran's Department of Environment, ICS, and the councils of five main villages in this region. What do the Iranian National Football team and the Asiatic Cheetah have in common? “When One Big Cat Is Almost Like the Other.” In The Atlantic, September 16, 2019. https://www.theatlantic.com/science/archive/2019/09/can-india-bring-back-cheetah/598066/. The debate is answered on the genetic issue and whether or not the subspecies are similar enough. A 2013 study suggested stress hyperthermia and a slight increase in body temperature after a hunt. However, in India, Iran and Pakistan the chief cause of the Asiatic cheetah's decline has been the disappearance of its preferred prey. Cheetah Friends: Another incentive in the region is the formation of young core groups of Cheetah Friends, who after a short instructive course, are able to educate people and organize cheetah events and become an informational instance in cheetah matters for a number of villages. "The plan to bring back the cheetah which fell to indiscriminate hunting and complex factors like a fragile breeding pattern is audacious given the problems besetting tiger conservation." "We’ve just hit the reset button in our understanding of how close cheetahs are to extinction. [64] The embryo was not born. [30], The cheetah population in Afghanistan decreased to the extent that it has been considered extinct since the 1950s. ", Project to Clone Extinct Cheetah Gets a Boost, "Mullas' regime says "No" to cloning of cheetah", "Extinct in India, Cheetah may be imported", Argentine scientists clone endangered Asiatic Cheetahs for first time, "Photos: Saving the Iranian Cheetah from Extinction; Photos by Yuness Khani", "Asiatic Cheetah on The Brink of Extinction – Less Than one Hundred Asiatic Cheetahs Survive in the World", "Courting endangered cheetahs capture Iranian hearts", "Two endangered cheetahs in Tehran for conservation project", Asiatic cheetah embryos cloned at Royan Institute, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Asiatic_cheetah&oldid=990764246, IUCN Red List critically endangered species, Species endangered by habitat fragmentation, Taxa named by Edward Griffith (zoologist), Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 26 November 2020, at 10:41. Carleton Place, ON K7C 0C5 [39], Mining development and road construction near reserves also threaten the population. Her three male siblings and a different adult male were recorded in three reserves, indicating that they have large home ranges. [5] The Persian Epic “Shanameh” written around the first millennium CE refers to cheetahs as hunting pets, while the Ali Qapu palace in Isfahan contains depictions of cheetahs among its wall paintings from the 16th century. [15] By the 1930s, cheetahs were confined to the Ustyurt plateau and Mangyshlak Peninsula in Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan, and to the foothills of the Kopet Dag mountains and a region in the south of Turkmenistan bordering Iran and Afghanistan. Asiatic Cheetah cub recovered from a poacher in Iran. [15][25][26], The population in Turkey was extinct already in the 19th century. It weighs about 34–54 kg (75–119 lb). [70] [7][8] Wildlife Trust of India, Noida, and Wildlife Institute of India, Dehradun. [9] Unfortunately the civil revolution of 1979, and the subsequent 8-year war with Iraq, had widespread negative consequences and the cheetah disappeared from almost all of the country by the 1990s.[10]. Cambridge USE: Elsevier Inc. 2018, 282.; Prost, Stefan. The Asiatic Cheetah Conservation Project has been initiated in collaboration with the Department of Environment (), Wildlife Conservation Society (), United Nations Development Program and IUCN Commission on Environmental, Economic and Social Policy ().The mission of the Co-Management Start-up Team is included in the project document of the Asiatic Cheetah Conservation Project. The coat and mane are shorter than of African cheetah subspecies. So, current 6 million hectares of Asiatic cheetahs’ habitat in the country will increase to 11 million hectares, he highlighted. The government tried reviving the project in 2014, but to no avail. The tail tip has black stripes. Most live in five protected areas, viz Kavir National Park, Touran National Park, Bafq Protected Area, Dar-e Anjir Wildlife Refuge, and Naybandan Wildlife Reserve. [37] A herder pursued a female cheetah with two cubs on his motorbike, until one of the cubs was so exhausted that it collapsed.